- The social bond theory and Willie Bosket’s life
- Psychological learning theory and Willie Bosket’s life
- Social learning theory and Willie Bosket’s life
- Biological theory and Willie Bosket’s life
The intricacies of adolescent violence may be explored form theoretical and developmental viewpoints. Studies have revealed that violence is often resorted to in a bid to safeguard the status quo and psychic equilibrium. In addition, it also articulates rage and obliterates redundant projected segments of the self and dangerous intrusions into a fragile self-coherence. This implies that violence performs a number of psychic functions, which include guidance to soaring arousal states and the sensations of livelihood. This disavows the primary sentiments of deadness and depression. It also contains and expels overpowering feelings of rage which may lead to chaotic behavior, thereby enacting object ties and cataleptic fantasies of guardians. It is crucial to explore the concepts mentioned above as illustrated by the life of Willie Bosket since his life exemplifies psychological and biological concepts.
The social bond theory and Willie Bosket’s life
The social bond theory (later renamed to Social Control Theory) refers to the conviction that the restraint of individuals can be enhanced by manipulating socialization and social learning procedures. These include elements of societal relationships, including family attachments, personal commitments to social and institutional norms, involvement in activities, and the belief that these factors are significant. Emphasis is laid on the fact that a deficiency of communal attachments exists among juvenile delinquents since the relationships have been thought to help in decreasing the need to participate in rebellious behavior. In the case of Willie Bosket, all went wrong during his childhood. He was born to a single mother, since his father had been incarcerated at the time of his birth. His behavior is largely similar to that of his father, since both had committed two documented murders by their teens in addition, to many other unrecorded misdeeds. Given his family history of violence and crime, they feared greatly; hence, no one attempted to correct Bosket when he engaged in his childhood pranks. They got out of hand when he began stealing canes from old men for sport without any form of retribution. Subsequently, he advanced to person’s properties among other things and all went his way since his mother showed little concern for his deeds. The absence of a father figure during this time was also detrimental, since he lacked a proper role model. As a result, he had skewed interpretations of the law and the way it operates. He blamed the state of affairs for his father’s conviction, hence set out on a revenge mission. Studies have also revealed that intergenerational perceptions with respect to the availability of opportunities exist. Had there been proper social bonds in existence, he would have been informed that his father’s incarceration was a consequence of his actions, which arose from a sequence of poor decisions and choices.
Psychological learning theory and Willie Bosket’s life
Learning is often defined as a change in behavior by most of the psychology textbooks in circulation. It is approached as an outcome, which is the end product of a certain process. This implies that it can be recognized and seen. This perspective highlights a crucial aspect of the process, which is change. In other spheres, learning has been defined as a process that unites emotional, cognitive and the ecological influences and experiences requisite to acquire, and enhance a persons knowledge, values, skills and world views. As a process, it is focused on the outcome of the entire exercise. Explanations of the constituent processes amount to learning theories. Learning theories are defined as attempts to describe the processes by which people and animals learn. This helps people to understand the innately intricate process of learning. The chief significance of learning is categorized in two groups, as a conceptual framework for deducing examples observed, and to provide solutions for practical problems. It should be noted that they do not offer solutions, rather provide a bearing towards concepts which are decisive in finding solutions. The life of Bosket was influenced by classical conditioning, since his behavior was a reflex rejoinder to stimulus. In this case, the stimulus originated from the society. During his childhood, the black population was still subjected to slavery and other forms of segregation. This implied that friction arose every time the black populace made attempts to seek identification. The pressures of the society he lived in also coerced the violent reactions he depicted. On several occasions, his mother encouraged him to react whenever he was affronted. This brought out the violent aspects of his character, since the society he grew in promoted violence as a means of survival. He honed his fighting skills in the frequent street fights that often arose in the streets. He is also pushed by a desperate need into robbery and other criminal acts. The most notable of his motivator was the desire for respect. He used crime and violence to assert his authority on the streets, by intimidating his rivals, eliminating competition and attaining fiscal supremacy over his rivals.
Social learning theory and Willie Bosket’s life
The social learning theory as proposed by Bandura lays emphasis on the importance of observation in the process of learning and modeling behaviors of other persons. This implies that life would be unbearable and perilous if all persons had to make the same set of mistakes before learning what they are required to do. Providentially, most human mannerisms are acquired by modeling after observing other persons. This implies formation of ideas on the execution of new behaviors. During the latter stages, the formed opinions may be used as guides for action. Observational learning is facilitated by paying attention to modeled events, with respect to their distinctiveness, complexity, functional value and prevalence. Retention of the acquired concepts is also vital, and it includes cognitive organization, motor and symbolic rehearsal and symbolic coding, just to mention a few. Motivation is equally important, including peripheral, explicit and self reinforcement. Lastly, motor reproduction is also beneficial. Willie Bosket lacked focused role models to look up to. The absence of his father due to a jail sentence and inability of his mother to reign in on his errant behavior have been cited among the reasons for his predicament. A part of his heritage was engaged in criminal activities, which he opts to propagate in the course of his early childhood. Willie opts to look up to the wrong role model in his life. Like his grand father and father he opts for a life of crime hence continues the family involvement in criminal ways. This is evidenced by his mother’s inability to control his behavior, hence his admission into a special school. After this, Bosket opts to read from the same script as his father and continues his delinquent ways. Summarily, his ways are influenced by his father since he goes on to perform the similar acts to those which defined his father’s life.
Biological theory and Willie Bosket’s life
A number of biological theories have suggested that persons who depict criminal predispositions acquired these tendencies inherently. In order for persons to guard against this misconception, it is important to acknowledge the fact that a difference between biological and genetic traits exists. Confusion over these concepts is common due to the fact that they correspond to overlapping foundations of influence. Genetic factors refer to biological aspects, which are passed, down along generations. Biological factors incorporate biochemical, physiological genetic and neurological aspects. Summarily, this theory is dedicated to conjectural advances with respect to cognition and evolution, with prominence on the hypothetical integration given by developmental and evolutionary approaches (MIT, 2010). This is relevant to boskets life, to the extent that tendencies of violence have been evident all through their family. It can be concluded that traits encouraging violent behavior was passed down from Boskets grandfather through to Willie himself. Methods of reaction to challenges and other forms of pressure are identical for all the three males, despite the fact that they rarely interacted with one another. It will be remembered that Willie never saw his father, since he was a condemned convict during his birth. That their behavioral traits bear commendable resemblance is striking, and can only be rationalized if this theory is applied. In addition, the influence exerted by the environment cannot be discredited with reference to the bearing of the story. On the contrary, the existence of other theories, which rationalize, this phenomenon better cast aspersions to the credibility and integrity of this theory. All in all, it should be noted that this theory may be controversial when it is used to give explanations for the occurrences in Willies life.
Summarily, most of these theories attempt to explain the mannerisms depicted by Willie Bosket in diverse conditions. It implies that the situation was inevitable is decisive preventive measures were not enforced (MIT Press, 2010). Clearly, the breakdown in societal structures is responsible for the Bosket’s predicament. This is a challenge for occupants of the higher echelons of power to step up and enforce the relevant rules and restrictions which will ensure cases of juvenile delinquency are minimized.
MIT Press. (2010). Biological Theory. MIT Press Journals.
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